In the twentieth century a visual arts style which was highly influential is cubism, between 1907 and 1914 and it was principally created by the painter Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso.The flat, two-dimensional surface of the plane of a picture is what the Cubist style emphasized. It rejected the more traditional techniques of perspective, modeling, foreshortening as well as chiaroscuro and honored theories of art that refuted time wherein art merely imitated nature.
Copying form, colour, texture and space were not concepts by which Cubist painters were bound to, instead what they presented was a new reality through paintings, one which depicted objects which were radically fragmented, their sides were simultaneously seen. Cubist paintings will typically display musical instruments, letters, pitchers, bottles, newspapers, glasses, the human face and figure and of course, still lifes.
Remarks which were uttered by the critic Louis Vauxcelles and painter Henri Matisse who derisively were describing 1908 work by Braque “Houses at L’Estaque´as being made up of cubes is where the name Cubism is derived from. In Braque’s work the cylindrical forms of the trees, the volumes of the houses and the tan and green color scheme that were used are reminiscent of landscapes by Paul Cézanne, during their early stages of development, until 1909, these deeply inspired Cubists.
A work which was painted by Picasso in 1907 titled “Les Demoiselles d´Avignon” brought about a new style, the figures of five females who were nude became angular and fractured shapes. As it was with Cézanne´s art, perspective was displayed with the use of colour, the reddish browns that provided warmth advanced and the cooler blues receded. The Cubist techniques emphasize the various differences in textures and pose the question of what is reality and what is a mere illusion when it comes to paintings.